First cars of internal combustion

By 1885, the car had more than 115 years of existence, but it still could not be installed in society as a means of mass transport, as the railroad had done in less than 80years. Nor could it compete against classic horse-drawn carriages or simply against horses. As explained in the previous parts, the reasons were several, among them the low efficiency of the most used propulsion sources until then, steam and electricity.


First cars of internal combustion

On the other hand, the great skepticism on the part of the society on these self-propelled machines did not help to its consolidation. This negative view was caused by the noisy and dirty steam cars and on the other hand by the costly electric vehicles, as well as their maintenance, while its performance was very low. Nor did it help much that in the first industrial and technological power of the time, Great Britain, given the enactment of strong transport laws, its use was limited until the year 1896.
The first thing to find was the appropriate fuel that would produce an explosion powerful enough to generate the pressure necessary to push the pistons, whose rectilinear motion is transformed by connecting rods and a crankshaft in a rotational movement that moves the wheels of the vehicle.

Already in the 1780s, the Italian physicist and chemist, Alessandro Volta, built an electric pistol, whose spark generated an explosion when it came into contact with a mixture of hydrogen and air. In 1807, the Swiss engineer, Fran├žois Isaac de Rivaz (1752-1828), built an experimental internal combustion engine, which used as fuel a mixture of hydrogen with oxygen, which caused an explosion when coming into contact with a device generating sparks, similar to that of Volta. That same year, he designed a four-wheel experimental car powered by that hydrogen internal combustion engine. The hydrogen was inside a balloon. It was the first vehicle in history to be propelled by an internal combustion engine (although it did not work on gasoline, but as has already been mentioned, on hydrogen).

Post a Comment

0 Comments